Preventative Measures

Preventative Measures

There are steps you can take which may prevent attacks of bacterial cystitis/UTIs. 

  • Increase your fluid intake with water or diluted squash.
  • Avoid alcohol, pure fruit juices, tea or coffee as they can irritate the bladder.
  • Cranberry juice may help as it can prevent some bacteria from ahering to the lining of the bladder.
  • Wear clothes made of natural materials such as cotton or linen. Do not wear thongs.
  • Always wipe from front to back when using the toilet.
  • Wash the anal area after a bowel movement.
  • Empty your bladder as soon as you feel the need.
  • Examine your diet - decrease your intake of junk foods and increase your intake of vegetables.
  • For women who have been through the menopause, oestrogen replacement treatment in the form of pessaries or topical cream may prove useful.
  • The use of spermicidal products can destroy lactobacilli (good bacteria). If necessary, revise your method of contraception.
  • Wash the genital area prior to sex and urinate within 15 minutes afterwards to help flush away any bacteria. 

Prevention of Recurrent Cystitis/UTIs

Individuals who get cystitis recurrently may be prescribed a course of antibiotics to keep at home which they can take at the onset of an attack. Sometimes a low dose of antibiotics is prescribed for three to six months to reduce the risk of infection. If you get cystitis after sexual intercourse you may be advised to take a single dose of antibiotics immediately afterwards to prevent an attack.

It is important to have a urine sample sent off to the laboratory to confirm whether an infection is present and to discover which antibiotic is required.

Recurring infections should be investigated and a referral to a urologist may be recommended.

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