When an attack occurs:
- Alkalising the urine helps to eradicate bacteria and sooth the bladder. Bicarbonate of soda, 5 ml (one teaspoon) in half a glass of water, 2 - 3 times a day. However, due to its high salt content it should only be taken for short periods of time. It should not be used in patients with high blood pressure or heart problems. Other remedies are available from your pharmacist. Please check with your GP or pharmacist to ensure that these can be taken in addition to any other medication.
- Increase your intake of fluid to flush out the system and dilute the urine. Drink bland fluids such as water or fruit squash. Avoid alcohol, caffeinated, carbonated and acidic drinks, such as orange juice as these can irritate the lining of the bladder.
- Placing a hot water bottle against your lower back may help to ease discomfort.
- To relieve pain take a simple painkiller such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
- Rest as much as possible.
- If symptoms continue for longer than 2 - 3 days, always consult your GP.
Pregnant women, men and children should not attempt to treat themselves but seek medical advice at the earliest opportunity.